Originally Posted by DenvilleSteve
I know they conquered the place. How were they driven out? Was it the food they did not like?
A quote from the Wikipedia "History of India" page:
"Islam arrived on the subcontinent in 712 CE
, when the Arab general Muhammad bin Qasim conquered Sindh and Multan in southern Punjab, setting the stage for several successive Islamic invasions between the 10th and 15th centuries CE
from Central Asia, leading to the formation of Muslim empires in the Indian subcontinent, including the Ghaznavid, the Ghorid, the Delhi Sultanate and the Mughal Empire. Mughal rule came to cover most of the northern parts of the subcontinent. Mughal rulers introduced middle-eastern art and architecture to India.
In addition to the Mughals, several independent Hindu kingdoms, such as the Maratha Empire, the Vijayanagara Empire and various Rajput kingdoms, flourished contemporaneously, in Western and Southern India respectively.
The Mughal Empire suffered a gradual decline in the early eighteenth century
, which provided opportunities for the Afghans, Balochis and Sikhs to exercise control over large areas in the northwest of the subcontinent until the British East India Company gained ascendancy over South Asia."
Now, this is a huge oversimplification, but to sum up: It only took India 1000 years to repel the Islamic invasion.