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Search: Posts Made By: Frans de Waal
Forum: Diavlog comments 01-20-2010, 09:54 AM
Replies: 106
Views: 28,233
Posted By Frans de Waal
Re: Empathy (perspective-taking) and self-awareness

This requires a long answer, which you may find in my book. The short answer is that perspective-taking rests on an enhanced self-other distinction (one needs to parse one's own situation from the...
Forum: Diavlog comments 01-20-2010, 09:51 AM
Replies: 106
Views: 28,233
Posted By Frans de Waal
Re: Science Saturday: Science and Morality

I was certainly not thinking of coercion. Rather, take the example I recently heard that incoming students at a major university were told right away that one-third of them would not make it to the...
Forum: Diavlog comments 01-19-2010, 05:39 PM
Replies: 106
Views: 28,233
Posted By Frans de Waal
Re: Science Saturday: Science and Morality

Quote .... It is simply not true that scientific knowledge about human nature tells us what we should do here and now, or that a theory about the evolution of our species gives us any insight into...
Forum: Diavlog comments 01-18-2010, 11:28 AM
Replies: 106
Views: 28,233
Posted By Frans de Waal
Re: Competition and empathy and the boundaries of empathy

In answer to your question about sex differences ...

There is a growing consensus among researchers of empathy that it must have started with maternal care. This would explain the role of oxytocin...
Forum: Diavlog comments 01-18-2010, 11:12 AM
Replies: 106
Views: 28,233
Posted By Frans de Waal
Re: Competition and empathy and the boundaries of empathy

My book cites David Grossman (On Killing: The Psychological Cost of Learning to Kill in War and Society. New York: Back Bay), who provides data on the reluctance of men to kill during wars. During...
Forum: Diavlog comments 01-17-2010, 10:22 PM
Replies: 106
Views: 28,233
Posted By Frans de Waal
Re: Competition and empathy and the boundaries of empathy

Competition does interfere with empathy, but does not completely kill it. In fact, men and women may be different in this regard. In one neuroscience experiment (in which pain centers in the brain...
Forum: Diavlog comments 01-16-2010, 04:45 PM
Replies: 106
Views: 28,233
Posted By Frans de Waal
Re: Difference between "perspective taking" and "theory of mind"

Yes, the two are related. Theory-of-mind is a rather cognitive affair, thought, having to do with me knowing what you know, or think, whereas perspective-taking is much broader and also includes me...
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